Pura Ulun Danau Batur at Kintamani Bali

pura_danau_batur081405v2.jpgThe temple inside the crater at the side of Lake Batur is called Pura Ulun Danau Batur. When I checked it out and walked around the side I thought it was beautiful, especially the multi-tiered meru along the northern edge. The temple is pre-Majapahit, meaning its was built before the arrival of the Majapahit empire in Bali. In 1343 Bali was conquered by Gaja Mada who was the prime minister of the Majapahit empire in East Java. One of the things the Majapahit empire enforced was the adoption of the Hindu caste system, the 4 castes being Brahmana, Satria, Wesia and Sudra. Those Balinese who abstained started their own villages like Trunyan and Tenganan and are referred to as the Bali Aga.

I think that looking at the people in the Batur area, including Kintamani and Penelokan you can tell they are closely related to those referred to as Bali Aga, even though they don't live in a traditional type village. My guidebook says that the merus were built within the last 3-4 years. The temple has 2 courtyards, outer and inner, which contain some ancient shrines. That's the way it is with temples, the new flashy stuff catches your eye, but its that decaying pile of rocks in the corner that actually carry the most historical significance.