Balinese Agama Hindu is the backbone upon which this island’s culture rests. It has mixed elements of native animist beliefs with newer ideas coming from India, starting 2,000-3,000 years ago.
Symbols are everywhere in Balinese Agama Hindu, which are important, but often completly not recognised by westerners. One of the cultural examples that I like, is the fact that in Balinese plays, the bad guy stands, arms akimo. In Bali, that’s a no no. Placing your hands on your hips in a relaxed manner, is a sign of aggression to this day, taken directly from the religious plays.
Symbolism of a finer degree is found throughout temples, ceremonies and offerings. Murnis.com has a handy rundown of some of the symbols that come up in Balinese Agama Hindu.