Important people in Balinese history: Mads Lange

by Nick on April 11, 2006

by Nick | April 11th, 2006  

Mads Lange was the first European to set himself up in south Bali. He singlehandedly put south Bali on the trading route and helped prevent Dutch rule for a period of time.

Nationality: Danish
Occupation: Trader
Came to Bali: 1839
Died: 1856

Europeans have been coming to Bali since 1597 when the Dutch landed in Kuta and one of the most famous was Danish trader Mads Lange who came to Bali in 1839. In less than 20 years after his arrival he managed to set himself up as the ‘White Raja of Bali’ simultaneously delaying Dutch sovereignty of the island and also putting it on the trade map.

Mads Lange first went to sea at age 18 and by 1833 had a trading outpost in Lombok. His business involved selling rice to China and Singapore in exchange for kepeng, which are Chinese coins, opium and other goods. One problem for Mads was an English guy called George King, who with the help of a local raja manage to force Mads out. He subsequently moved to Bali and set himself up in the Kuta area.

Lange enjoyed great business success in Bali and his 2 main activities were trading in rice and acting as a middle man for local Balinese produce from all over the island. Products he dealt with, as well as rice include coconuts, tobacco, coffee and cattle. His ‘ace in the hole’ was he paid locals in kepeng and set the exchange rate himself.

During this time he lived in a family compound with his wives and many other companions. The street close to the night market in Kuta is called Jl.Tuan Langa after him, although I reckon if you ask a Balinese local they would have no idea about this.

One of the highlights for Lange was his appointment by the Dutch to the post of official agent for the Dutch East Indies government in 1844. His personal contacts which included the higher ranks of Balinese society and his trading connections meant he was in a great position. However his new role was tricky because the Dutch were invading the north of Bali and had a naval blockage on the south. Lange had to smooth things over with the locals and in 1849 managed to get both parties to sign a treaty. This meant Dutch rule in the north of Bali and an end to the blockade in the south. After the treaty was signed there was huge party at Lange’s house attended by 30,000 people.

That was pretty much the highpoint for Lange as in later years trading in the region focused on other places. In 1856 Lange decided to return to Denmark but right before leaving fell ill and died. The rumor was he was poisoned by a local raja. He was buried at his home and his tomb remains to this day. Mads Lange had 2 sons by a Balinese princess and a daughter by a Chinese woman. His daughter went on to marry the Sultan of Johor in Malaysia.

How do I feel about Mads Lange? He was definetly a guy who lived an exciting life and who did it his way. The problem for me was that if you look at history, the people in Bali and Lombok, particularly Lombok, were gradually being worn down by trading their produce to the Chinese and people like Mads Lange. Mads Lange was part of the whole scene, whereby outsiders, with business skills and leverage, could gain access to the assets of a village people, operating from an entirely different set of guidelines. Setting himself up as the only source of kepeng and then setting the exchange rate for goods, he virtually wrote his own check. The Balinese, at least the ones who aware of him seem to have an okay opinion of him.

{ 7 comments }

Katie-Hannah Wright April 21, 2006 at 5:50 am
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Hello, Im Mads Langes GGG grandaughter and we’re having a family reunion next year for his 200th bday in Bali where he is burried. Iv never been, but was wondering if there were any books/websites you could recommend, especially with information about him in, and the area hes burried in as Id quite like to read up on it all before the big trip?

Katie Wright

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Kiki April 26, 2006 at 12:27 pm
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Hi Katie

You can check with Jeremy Allan author of Bali Blues. You can contact him thru his web http://www.jeremyallan.com
Mads Langes is mentioned in his Bali Blues, it is a great book, it gives accurate pictures of The Island of Gods

Good Luck

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putulikaje April 26, 2007 at 10:06 pm
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As a Balinesse who i thought i know everything that i need to know about bali,i have no idea about this Langes fellow, i have learned a lot by just reading bali blog,even though i know exactly where the tomb located i just dont take any notice i thought it was just another chinese cemetery.I guess the goverment of bali should do some research on this and teach the student at primary school about all that,not only teach the kids post independent period but must also before independent. i think this is part of balinesse history.

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Gustaaf Schouten. August 23, 2007 at 3:20 am
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Hello Katie, and all those interested.
I have just finished writing a book on your GGG- father + 11 illustrations, depicting events in his life, done by my hand.
My name is Gustaaf Schouten.
This privatly published book will be released during a release-party at an Ubud gallery, wich I will disclose later.
Oh well……, here goes.
For all those interested in the amazing adventures of Mads Lange in the magical world of Bali, 150 years ago, here is my e-mail address:
gusredhotbali@yahoo.com .
I agree with Putu’s blog that this part of history should be more easy to acquire by Indonesian readers and specifically the Balinese.
I will do my best to be at the forefront for such moves in that direction.
To Nick’s opinions of Lange, I’d say that you should see the conditions of trade in that time of colonial empires under a somewhat larger loop.
Naturally, the tactics used to profit were based on exploitation, but make no mistake that the presence of this man was exploited in return.
It was the first time in Balinese history that some members of lower castes were able to amass reasonable fortunes.
Anyway, you can pick the proverbial worms out this subject’s can “ad infinitum”. Specially if you are a Bali-phile.
Ohm….,santi,santi,santi…,Ohm.

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Mark Richard Lange November 8, 2007 at 8:27 pm
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Sadly I didn’t realise it was the 200th anniversary.

It would have been a short trip out for me from Singapore.

Mark Richard Lange

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Evelyn Lange February 29, 2008 at 6:39 pm
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hi there will be another meeting in 2009 it will be held in Johore Bahru. you can e-mail me i will let you know. I am in Spain at the moment be back in March.If I do not reply to you its because I am not on line .when i can get a chance i will answer you . I am the great grand daughter of Mads Lange .Would like to know you.

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Mark Richard Lange March 23, 2008 at 10:07 am
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Hi Evelyn,

Please email me at scuzzie_edf@yahoo.com.sg

Your previous post didn’t contain your email address.

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